Beyond the Troubles?
By Peter Hadden
The Author: Peter Hadden is the north's foremost Marxist writer, and has been active in the Northern Ireland labour and trade union movement since the start of the troubles. Throughout this time he has written extensively about the situation, contributing regularly to The Voice, newspaper of the Socialist Party in Ireland, and The Socialist in Britain.
Among others, his works include Common Misery, Common Struggle, a Labour and Trade Union Group pamphlet, and Divide and Rule, an analysis of the partition of Ireland.
This book was produced in 1994 but is still very relevant to all socialists interested in politics in Northern Ireland.
A new pamphlet by the Socialist Party is now available, Towards Division, not Peace. This was written in order to draw out the socialist position on the current peace process, it is essential reading for all socialists, trade unions and anyone interested in Northern Ireland.
It costs £3, post free with Ireland or Britain, and is available from our office or any local branch. Send a cheque, made payable to the Socialist Party, and post it to: Socialist Party, 2nd Floor, 36 Victoria Sq, Belfast BT1. Anyone ordering from further afield should send either Euros6 or £4.
AUGUST 31, 1994, and the IRA's announcement of a ceasefire, will go down as an historic date in Irish history. The ending of the IRA campaign was quickly followed by pressure from working class communities on the loyalist paramilitaries, the UDA and the UVF, to likewise call a halt. Six weeks later they also called off their campaigns.
Does this mean that after 25 years, over 3,350 dead and ten times that number injured, the Northern Ireland Troubles are over?
To answer this question it is necessary to see beyond immediate events, to the origins and real causes of the violence. To see whether the sectarian division which keeps Catholic and Protestant working class people apart will disappear, it is necessary to understand how this division came about, and why it flared up in the way it did twenty five years ago.
This booklet has been produced to provide answers to these questions. Whereas most of what has been written about Northern Ireland presents the problem either from a unionist or nationalist view, or else as a meaningless squabble about religion, this work explains the situation in class terms.
It explains why Ireland was partitioned, why the civil rights movement developed in the late 1960s, why this gave way to sectarian pogroms in August 1969, why the troops were sent in, why the Provisional IRA began to grow and why their campaign attracted the support of Catholic working class youth, why the loyalist paramilitaries began to reply with random assassinations of Catholics, why the Troubles proved insoluble over more than two decades, and finally why the recent dramatic turn of events have occurred and what this means for the future.
It argues that whatever deal is worked out between the main political parties and the London and Dublin governments, will not solve the fundamental problems.
The fact that sectarian politicians may reach 'a temporary compromise with each other will not eradicate the division which separates the working class communities. Nor will it bring jobs, or adequate services to these areas, despite all the claims being made about an economic 'peace dividend'. But it does provide an opening for the labour movement and the working class to throw up new organisations, put forward new ideas and find new methods of struggle. The possibility now exists for a new political movement to be built which can unite the working class and especially the youth, against sectarianism and against capitalism.
For this to be done successfully the pitfalls and mistakes - made by the working class movement in the past, which helped open the way to the Troubles, need to be analysed and understood. So also do the reasons why the labour movement was never able to decisively cut across the sectarian reaction of the last twenty five years.
This booklet examines these questions and provides the answers. It is essential reading for all who want to understand the Northern Ireland Troubles, how they arose and most important of all, how they can be permanently ended.